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Tuesday, 12 April 2016

Peoples of Northern Europe in Late Antiquity: A Bibliography


Here, in case it is of any use, is the doubtless rather hit and miss bibliography to my chapter on 'The Peoples of Northern Europe' for the forthcoming Cambridge Archaeology of Late Antiquity.  It is based on the footnotes to that chapter so there's a lot of stuff left out on some pretty major topics (most obviously the recent stuff on the wetland areas of the Netherlands/NW Germany) because I couldn't cover everything. It is also heavily weighted towards the most recent stuff I could find, and preferably in English, given the publication, so a lot of classic stuff is missing too.



Primary Sources:

Gregory of Tours, Historiae: Gregory of Tours. The History of the Franks, trans. Thorpe, L., (Harmondsworth, 1974).

Notitia Dignitatum: Notitia Dignitatum accedunt Notitia Urbis Constantinopolitanae et Latercula Provinciarum, ed. Seeck, O., (Frankfurt am Main, 1876; repr. Frankfurt, 1962).

Tacitus, Germania: Tacitus: Germania, trans. Rives, J., (Oxford, 1999).

Táin Bó Cuailnge: The Tain. Trans. T. Kinsella (Oxford, 1969)

Secondary Sources:

Abegg-Wigg, A., & Lau, N., (ed.) (2014). Kammergräber im Barbaricum: Zu Einflüssen und Übergangsphänomenenvon der vorrömischen Eisenzeit bis in die Völkerwanderungszeit (Schleswig),

Åberg, N., (1922). Die Franken und Westgoten in der Völkerwanderungszeit (Uppsala).

Åberg, N., (1923). Die Goten und Langobarden in Italien (Uppsala).

Åberg, N., (1926). The Anglo-Saxons in England (Uppsala).

Alföldi, M.R.-, (1997). ‘Germania magna – nicht libera.  Notizen zum römischen Wortgebrauch.’ Germania 75:45-52.

Almagor, E., & Skinner, J., (ed.) (2013). Ancient Ethnography: New Approaches (London)

Andrzejowski, J., (2010). ‘The Przeworsk Culture: A brief story (for the foreigners)’ in Worlds Apart? Contacts across the Baltic Sea in the Iron Age (Nordiske Fortidsminder C/7: Copenhagen/Warsaw), pp.1-52

Arrhenius, B., & U. O’Meadhra, U., (ed.) (2011). Excavations at Helgö XVIII (Stockholm)

Autorenkollektiv (1983). Die Germanen. Geschichte und Kultur der germanischen Stämme in Mitteleuropa. Ein Handbuch in zwei Bänden Vol.2 (Berlin).

Balsdon, J.P.V.D., (1979). Romans and Aliens (London).

Bazelmans, J., (2014). By Weapons Made Worthy: Lords, Retainers and Their Relationship in Beowulf (Amsterdam Archaeological Studies)

Becker, M., (2009). ‘Germanische Eliten der späten Römischen Kaiserzeit’, in Burmeister & Derks (ed.) (2009), pp.358-69.

Bemmann, J., (1999). ‘Körpergräber der jungeren römischen Kaiserzeit und Völkerwanderungszeit aus Schleswig Holstein. Zum Aufkommen einer neuen Bestattungssitte im überregionalen Vergleich.’ Studien zur Sachsenforschung 13:5-45.

Besteman, J.C., Bos, J.M., Gerrets, D.A., Heidinga, H.A., & de Koning, J., (1999). The Excavations at Wijnaldum. Reports on Frisia in Roman and Early Medieval Times (Rotterdam).

Bona, I., (1976). The Dawn of the Dark Ages: The Gepids and Lombards in the Carpathian Basin (Budapest).

Bonfante, L., (ed.) (2011). The Barbarians of Ancient Europe: Realities and Interactions.   (Cambridge).  

Borg, K., Näsman, U., & Wegraus, E., (ed.) (1976). Eketorp. Fortification and Settlement in Öland/Sweden. The Monument. (Stockholm).

Brather, S., (2004). Ethnische Interpretationen in der frühgeschichtlichen Archäologie: Geschichte, Grundlagen und Alternativen (Berlin).

Brather, S., (2009). ‘Dwellings and settlements among the Lombards’ in The Langobards Before the Frankish Conquest, ed. G. Ausenda, P. Delogu & C.J. Wickham (Woodbridge), pp.30-68.

Burmeister, S., & Derks, H., (ed.), 2000 Jahre Varusschlacht: Konflikt (Stuttgart, 2009).

Burnell, S., (1998). Die reformierte Kirche von Sissach BL. Mittelalterliche Kirchenbauten und merowingerzeitliche “Stiftergräber” (Liestal).

Brink-Kloke, H., & Meurers-Balke, J. (2003). ‘Siedlungen und Gräber am Oespeler Bach (Dortmund) – eine Kulturlandschaft im Wandel der Zeiten.’ Germania 81:47-146.

Campbell, E., (1999). Saints and sea-kings: the first kingdom of the Scots (Edinburgh)

Campbell, E. (2007) Continental and Mediterranean Imports to Atlantic Britain and Ireland, AD 400-800. (York).

Capelle, T., (1998). Die Sachsen des frühen Mittelalters (Stuttgart)

Clarke, D., Blackwell, A., & Goldberg, M., Early Medieval Scotland. Individuals, Communities and Ideas (Edinburgh).

Collins, R., & Gerrard, J., (ed.) (2004). Debating Late Antiquity in Britain, AD300-700 (Oxford).

Crone, A., & Campbell, E., (2005). A Crannog of the First Millennium AD. Excavations by Jack Scott at Loch Glashan, Argyll, 1960 (Edinburgh)

Crubézy, E., (1990). ‘Merovingian skull deformations in the south-west of France’ From the Baltic to the Black Sea. Studies in Medieval Archaeology (One World Archaeology 18), ed. Austin, D., & Alcock, L., (London), pp.189-208

Curta, F., (ed.) (2010). Neglected Barbarians (Turnhout).

Dench, E., (1995).  From Barbarians to New Men. Greek, Roman and Modern Perceptions of Peoples from the Central Apennines (Oxford).

Dickinson, T.M., & Griffiths, D., (ed.) (1999). The Making of Kingdoms (Anglo-Saxon Studies in History and Archaeology 10) (Oxford).

Dijkstra, M.F.P. (2011). Rondom de Mondingen van Rijn & Maas. Landschap en Bewoning Tussen de 3e en 9e EEuw in Zuid-Holland, in het Bijzonder de Oude Rijnstreek (Leiden).

Drinkwater, J.F., (2007). The Alamanni and Rome 213-496. Caracalla to Clovis (Oxford).

Dunbar, L., & Maldonado, A., with McLaren, D., & Melikian, M., (2012). A long cist cemetery near Auchterforfar Farm, Forfar, Angus – Christian or pre-Christian? Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal 18, pp.63-80.

Edwards, N., (1996). The Archaeology of Early Medieval Ireland (paperback edition: London).

Eger, C., (2014). ’Early migration period hillforts in southern Germany. State of research and interpretation’, in Las Fortificaciones en la Tardoantigüedad. Élites y articulación del Territorio (Siglos V-VIII d.C.), ed. Catalán Ramos, R., Fuentes, P., & Sastre Blanco, J.C., (Madrid), pp.21-42

Elton, H., (1996a). Frontiers of the Roman Empire (London).

Elton, H., (1996b). Warfare in Roman Europe, 350-425 (Oxford).

Esmonde Cleary, S., (2013). ‘Northern Britain in late antiquity’ Antiquité Tardive 21:33-44.

Ethelberg, P., (2011). Early state formation in southern Scandinavia: a proposal for a hierarchical terminology’, in The Iron Age on Zealand: Status and Perspectives, ed. L. Boye (Copenhagen, 2011), pp.67-73.

Ethelberg, P., Jensen, S., Jørgensen, L.B., & Madsen, T., (1986). Hjemsted-en gravplads fra 4. og 5. årh. e. Kr (Haderslev)

Feachem, R.W., (1955-56). ‘The fortifications of Traprain Law.’ Proceedings of the Society of Antiquities for Scotland 89:284-9.

Fischer, S., (2014). ‘Swedish Migration Period Chamber Graves’, in Abegg-Wigg & Lau (ed.) (2014), pp.401-21

Fischer, S., & Victor, H., (2011). ‘New Horizons for Helgö’ in Arrhenius & O’Meadhra (ed.) (2011), pp.79-92.

Foster, S., (2014). Picts, Gaels and Scots: Early Historic Scotland (2nd edition: Edinburgh)

Fraser, J., (2009). From Caledonia to Pictland. Scotland to 795 (Edinburgh).

Fries-Knoblach, Steuer, H., & Hines, J., (ed.) (2014). The Baiuvarii and Thuringi. An Ethnographic Perspective (Woodbridge).

Fuchs, R., Kempa, M., Redies, R., Theune-Großkopf, B., & Wais, A. (ed.) (1997). Die Alamannen (2nd edition; Stuttgart).

Fulford, M.G., (1985). ‘Roman material in barbarian society, c.200BC- a.d. 400’, in Settlement and Society, ed. T. Champion & J.V.S. Megaw (Leicester, 1985), pp.91-108.

Galestin, M.C., (2010). ‘Roman artefacts beyond the northern frontier: interpreting the evidence from the Netherlands.’ European Journal of Archaeology 13.1, pp.64-88.

Gebühr, M., (2009). ‘Reiche Bauern oder Fürsten.’ In Burmeister & Derks (ed.) (2009), pp.342-51

Geiberger, M., Stute, A., & Hofmann, A., (ed.) (2005). Imperium Romanum: Römer, Christen, Alamannen – Die Spätantike am Oberrhein (Stuttgart).

Geuenich, D. (ed.) (1998). Die Franken und die Alemannen bis zur “Schlacht bei Zülpich” (Berlin).

Goetz, H-W., Jarnut, J., & Pohl, W., (ed.) (2003). Regna and Gentes: The Relationship between late Antique and Early Medieval Peoples and Kingdoms in the Transformation of the Roman World (Leiden).

Goffart, W., (2006). Barbarian Tides. The Migration Age and the Later Roman Empire (Philadelphia)

Haarnagel, W., (1979). Die Grabung Feddersen Wierde: Methode, Hausbau, Siedlungs- und Wirtschaftsformen, sowie Sozialstruktur (Wiesbaden).

Hall, E., (1989). Inventing the Barbarian (Oxford).

Halsall (2000). Burial customs around the North Sea, AD 350-700’ in Kramer et al. (ed.) (2000), pp.93-104.

Halsall, G., (2007). Barbarian Migrations and the Roman West, 376-568 (Cambridge).

Halsall, G., (2009). ‘Beyond the northern frontiers’, in A Companion to Late Antiquity, ed. P. Rousseau & J. Raithel (Oxford), pp.409-25

Halsall, G., (2011). ‘Ethnicity and early medieval cemeteries.’ Arqueología y Territorio Medieval 18 (2011), pp.15-27.

Halsall, G., (2013). ‘Northern Britain and the fall of the Roman Empire’. The Mediaeval Journal 2:1-25.

Halsall, G., (2014). ‘Two worlds become one: a ‘counter-intuitive’ view of the Roman Empire and ‘Germanic’ Migration’. German History 32:515-32

Hamerow, H., (2002). Early Medieval Settlements. The Archaeology of Rural Communities in North-West Europe 400-900 (Oxford).

Hammer, C., (2011). ‘Early medieval Bavaria: A late antique Italian perspective.’ Journal of Late Antiquity 4.2,  pp.217-44.

Hansen, H.J., (1989), ‘Dankirke: Affluence in Late Iron Age Denmark’ in The Birth of Europe. Archaeology and Social Development in the First Millennium A.D. ed. K. Randsborg (Rome), pp. 123–8.

Hårdh, B., (2003). ‘The contacts of a central place’ in Larsson & Hårdh (ed.) (2003), pp.27-66.

Hardt, M., (2003). ‘The Bavarians’, in Goetz, Jarnut & Pohl (ed.) (2003), pp.429-61.

Hausmair, B., (2015). Am Rande des Grabs. Todeskonzepte und Bestattungsritual in der frühmittelalterlichen Almannia (Vienna).

Heather, P., (1996). The Goths (Oxford).

Heather, P. (1998). ‘Disappearing and reappearing tribes’, in Pohl & Reimitz (ed.) 1998, pp.95-111

Heather, P., (2001). ‘The late Roman art of client management: Imperial defence in the fourth-century west’ in The Transformation of Frontiers. From Late Antiquity to the Carolingians, ed. W. Pohl, I.N. Wood & H. Reimitz (Leiden), pp.15-72.

Heather, P., (2005). The Fall of Rome: A New History (London).

Heather, P., & Matthews, J., (1991). The Goths in the Fourth Century (Liverpool).

Hedeager, L., (1978). ‘A quantitative analysis of Roman imports in Europe north of the Limes (0-400 AD) and the question of Roman-Germanic exchange.’ Studies in Scandinavian Prehistory and Early History 1, pp.191-216.

Hedeager, L., (1987). ‘Empire, frontier and the barbarian hinterland: Rome and northern Europe from AD 1-400’, in Centre and Periphery in the Ancient World, ed. M. Rowlands, M., Larsen & K. Kristiansen (Cambridge), pp.125-40.

Henderson, G., & Henderson, I., (2004). The Art of the Picts: Sculpture and Metalwork in Early Medieval Scotland (London).

Hodder, I., (1986). Reading the Past. Current Approaches to Interpretation in Archaeology (1st edition; Cambridge)

Hoeper, M., & Steuer, H., ‘Eine völkerwanderungszeitliche Höhenstation am Oberrhein—der Geißkopf bei Berghaupten, Ortenaukreis—Höhensiedlung, Militärlager oder Kultplatz?’, Germania, 77 (1999), pp. 185–246.

Horsnaes, H.W., (2013). ‘Networking in north-eastern barbaricum: a study of gold imitations of Roman coins’, in From Goths to Varangians: Communications and Cultural Exchange Between the Baltic and the Black Sea, ed. Bjerg, L., Lind, J.H., & Sindbaek, S.M., (Aarhus), pp.87-130.

Hunter, F., (2007). Beyond the Edge of Empire – Caledonians, Picts and Romans (Groam House Museum, Rosemarkie).

Hunter & Painter

Hvass, S., (1983). ‘Vorbasse: The development of a settlement through the first millennium AD.’ Journal of Danish Archaeology 2:127-36.

Ilkjaer, J., (2001). Illerup-Ådal – Archaeology as a magic mirror (Moesgård).

James, S., (2005). ‘Large-scale recruitment of auxiliaries from Free Germany?’, in Limes XIX: Proceedings of the XIXth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies held in Pécs, Hungary, September 2003, ed. Visy, Z., (Pécs), pp.273-279

Jensen, J., (2003). The Prehistory of Denmark (2nd edition: London)

Jensen, S., (1991). ‘Dankirkje-Ribe. Fra handelsgård til handelsplads’ in Morotensen & Rasmussen (ed.) (1991), pp.73-87.

Kaizer, T., & Hekster, O., (ed.) (2010). Impact of Empire, vol.13. Frontiers in the Roman World. Proceedings of the Ninth Workshop of the International Network Impact of Empire (Durham 16-19 April 2009) (Leiden).

Kharalambieva, A., (2010). ‘Gepids in the Balkans: A survey of the archaeological evidence’, in Curta (ed.) (2010), pp.245-62.

Kleemann, J., (1999). ‘Zum Aufkommen der Körperbestattung in Niedersachsen.’ Studien zur Sachsenforschung 13:253-62

Klevnäs, A., (2015). ‘Abandon Ship! Digging out the Dead from the Vendel Boat-Graves.’ Norwegian Archaeological Review 48, pp.1-20.

Koch, U., (1968). Die Grabfünde der Merowingerzeit aus dem Donautal um Regensburg (Germanischer Dankmäler de Völkerwanderungszeit. A.10) (2 vols.: Berlin)

Kramer, E., Stouman, I, & Greg, A., (ed.) (2000). Kings of the North Sea, AD 250-850 (Leeuwarden).

Lamm, J.P., & Nordstrom, H., (ed.) (1983). Statens Historiska Museum, Studies 2: Vendel Period (Stockholm).

Larrick, R., (1986). ‘Age grading and ethnicity in the style of Loikop (Samburu) spears.’ World Archaeology 18:269-83.

Larsson, L., & Hårdh, B., (ed.) (2003). Centrality-Regionality. The Social Structure of Southern Sweden during the Iron Age. Uppåkrastudier 7 (Archaeologia Lundensia Series in octo 40) (Lund).

Lee, A.D., (1993). Information and Frontiers. Roman Foreign Relations in Late Antiquity (Cambridge).

Lowe, C., (1999). Angels, Fools and Tyrants: Britons and Anglo-Saxons in Southern Scotland (Edinburgh).

Maldonado, A., (2013). ‘Burial in Early Medieval Scotland: New Questions.’ Medieval Archaeology 57, pp.1-34.

Mejdahl, U., & Siemen, P., (2000). ‘Living around the North Sea’ in Kramer et al. (ed.) (2000), pp.79-92.

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Menghin, W., (ed.), (1987). Germanen, Hunnen und Awaren: Schätze der Völkerwanderungszeit (Nürnberg).

Meyer, M., (2015). ‘Roman cultural influence in western Germania Magna’, in Oxford Handbook of Roman Germany, ed. S. James & S. Krmnicek (Oxford), http://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199665730.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780199665730-e-8 (accessed 08/04/2016).

Moerman, M. (1968).  ‘Being Lue: Use and abuses of ethnic identification’ in Essays on the Problem of Tribe Proceedings of the 1967 Annual Spring Meeting of the American Ethnological Society, ed. Helm, J., (Seattle), pp.153-69.

Mortensen, P., & Rasmussen, B.M., (ed.) (1991). Fra Stamme til Stat I Denmark 2. Høvdingesamfund og Kongemagt (Aarhus).

Myhre, B., (1985). ‘Boathouses as indicators of political organization.’ Norwegian Archaeological review 18, pp.36-60.

Myhre, B., (1997). ‘Boathouses and naval organisation’, in Military Aspects of Scandinavian Society in a European Perspective AD 1-1300, ed. Nørgård Jørgensen, A., & Claussen, B.L.  (Copenhagen), pp.169-83.

Myhre, B., (2003). ‘The Iron Age’, in The Cambridge History of Scandinavia, volume 1: From prehistory to 1520, ed. Helle, K., (Cambridge), pp.60-93.

Näsman, U., (1999). ‘The ethnogenesis of the Danes and the Making of a Danish kingdom’, in Dickinson & Griffiths (ed.) (1999), pp.1-10

Näsman, U., & Wegraus, E., (ed.), (1979). Eketorp. Fortification and Settlement on Öland/Sweden. The Setting (Stockholm).

Neuffer-Müller, C., (1983). Der alamannische Adelsbestattungsplatz und die Reihengräberfriedhöfe von Kirchheim am Ries (Ostalbkreis) (Forschungen und Berichte zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte in Bade, Band 15) (Stuttgart)

Neumaier, H., (1997). ‘,Freies Germanien’/,Germania libera’ – Zur Genese eines historischen Begriffs.’ Germania 75:53-67.

Nicolay, J.A.W., (2014). The Splendour of Power: Early Medieval Kingship and the Use of Gold and Silver in the Southern North Sea Area (5th to 7th Century AD) (Groningen)

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